ARPA, Internet and Internet2

CIS532

Strayer School

12/1/2013

Contents

Abstract……………………………………………………………………………3 Precisely what is the Internet………………………………………………………………4 Computer Networking and Evolution in the Internet…………………….......... 5 Packet Transitioning Technology……………………………………………………. five X. 25 Technology……………………………………………………….................. 6th Frame Relay Protocol……………………………………………………………. six ATM Protocol…………………………………………………………………….. 7 Initial Computer Network…………………………………………………………9 Communication Protocols………………………………………………………. 10 TCP/IP……………………………………………………………………………11 LAN………………………………………………………………………………. 12 Internet2…………………………………………………………………………. 18 References ……………………………………………………………………….. 16

SUMMARY

Most of the people involving Internet today are not aware that Internet has not been developed by a single person or a sole company; actually even significantly less people know that Internet started out many systems created by ARPA (Advanced Project Study Agency). Net is a computer system network manufactured from many computer networks. Networking is a wide and sophisticated field it does not have one sole point of origin. It's the results of continuous progression in software. One of the first computer system networks was ARPANET. ALL OF US Government and its particular scientist like J. 3rd there�s r. C. Licklider, Lawrence Roberts, Bob Schute and Vint Ceft experienced vision to build up US in to world's technology leader. Their very own ideas with help of many organizations and individuals became reality and thank to them we could use today technology know as Internet. In last decade and half many universities, non-public companies as well as the U. S. government had been working together in technology referred to as Internet2 or perhaps second generation Internet providing you with faster and higher ability network that is certainly primarily used for research.

What is the Internet?

Should you be information technology specialist, you definitely have been asked by nontechnical person about the Internet. Precisely what is the Internet? How can it function? How do you can get on?

In the event you just admit the Internet is actually a worldwide number of computer systems that exchange data using a common software program standard will mean nothing to a nontechnical person.

To resolve these questions and related once, you first have to explain the fact that Internet was not invented with a single person or a solitary company, and the evolution in the Internet had not been a result of the some overnight project, in fact it took in least 30 years for all technologies to progress into Net. In fact the web was response to the U. S. Security Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA or ARPA).

Networking and Evolution of the Net

Today's Internet is result of USA perseverance to be a world leader in technology which was motivated after USSR lunched initially artificial globe satellite in 1957.

Very first step toward this Internet was done by Office of Defense which resulted in creation of ARPA (Advanced Project Study Agency) and appointment of J. C. R Licklider, as initially head with this organization. J. C. L Licklider, was the first one to come up with idea to obtain computers connected with each other that will allow users to access data and courses from any site.

The first pcs that were built in the 1950 were called mainframes and in addition they were used only by simply Government or any University. These mainframes computer systems were portion dumb ports and the only way for connecting these foolish terminals with mainframe was through serial connection operating on RS-232 interface, yet there were as well terminals that were not close to mainframes laptop and the just way for connecting them was through General public Switched Cell phone Network (PSTN).

In October of 65, Lawarence Roberts successfully linked TX-2 laptop at UBER in Massachusetts to a Q-32 computer in California by means of direct cellphone line. From this test and related tests ARPA learned that existing circuit-switch technology has limitation (i. at the....

References: Cutright, P., & Girrard, E. (1996). Body Relay. What does it suggest? Online twenty (3), sixty-eight. Retrieved by Academic Search Premier repository.

Dunogue, J. (1995). Via X. twenty-five to CREDIT: The development of data sites. Telecom Asia, 6 (3), 28. Retrieved from Academic Search Most recognized database.

Gromov, G. (2009). Roads and Crossroads of sites History. Retrieved from http://www.netvalley.com/cgi-bin/intval/net_history.pl

Internet2

Oppenheimer, P. (2001). Top-Down Network Design, Indiana, IN: Carbonilla Press

Rogers, S. (1999). Network+ Qualification Study Guidebook, Berkeley, California: McGraw-Hill

Stallings, W

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