System Development in Nepal: Possibilities and Issues for Engineers Er. Tulasi Prasad Sitaula 1 . Qualifications Nepal can be described as developing region with its low per capita GDP of USD 320. Four-fifth of its terrain form consists of hills and mountains and 80 percent of its population live in the agricultural areas. Thirty percent of the persons live under the poverty line and forty-five % from the population cannot read and write. The agricultural areas shortage minimum physical facilities. The challenge pertaining to Government of Nepal is to provide enough infrastructure to these remote and scattered settlements. Infra framework development in Nepal started during 1050. and till then Nepal had not any infrastructure entrave to the remaining world. Ever since then, the government has been making efforts to provide increased entry to education, travel, communication, well being services, electricity and other system services. Despite these initiatives Nepal continues to be one of the poorest countries with poverty lowering as the challenge. Probably the most dominant problems of Nepal is to develop the basic infrastructures to speed up its pace of creation. For this, vehicles plays a huge role in the total development and socio-economic modification of a nation. In Nepal, road travel has predominant role because it is the only means for public transportation apart from the limited air service to some portion of the country that is not affordable to common people. Consequently , Road infrastructure serves as a backbone for an overall socio-economic development of Nepal. Negligible duration of Railways available in Nepal provides diminished remarkably in the last 40 years. Janakpur Jainagar Railway a narrow measure in poor condition is the only railway facility in Nepal. Because the overall advancement Nepal is definitely pivoted about Infrastructure creation focussed in road transport and geared towards poverty reduction, Government of Nepal features its priority in this sub-sector. 2 . Position of Highway Development in Nepal Street development in Nepal started only following the advent of democracy in 1950. The 1st motorable road was made in the Kathmandu Valley by then Rana rulers in 1924. The 42 kilometers all weather gravel street between Amlekhganj to Bhimphedi was the 1st road of its kind constructed in 1929 away from Kathmandu valley. The initially long range road to link Kathmandu with the Terai was taken up in 1953 with Of india assistance. This kind of 115 km long road between Thankot (Kathmandu) and Bhainse(Makawanpur) was opened to traffic in 1956. The National Road Network comprises of National Freeways, Feeder roads, Urban streets, District highways and Small town roads. The National Highways together with the Feeder roads constitute the Proper Road Network (SRN) in the country. The Strategic Highway Network is the backbone of the National Road Network. The construction and maintenance of the tactical roads fall on the responsibility of the Division of Roads.

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Thee district tracks together with small town roads makes up the Area Road Network. At present the National Road Network features altogether 24000 km (30% blacktop, 27% gravel and 43% earthen roads) in 2008. The strategic, urban and local streets share 32. 5%, 13% and 54. 5% correspondingly in the Countrywide Road Network. The Tactical Road Network serves as the backbone with the National Road Network. The strategic streets have excessive traffic quantity in comparison to region roads. You will discover 15 Countrywide Highways and 51 Feeder roads totalling 8000 km in the Tactical Road Network. The government strategies to increase the size of SRN to 12000 kilometres by the season 2017. Local Road Network (LRN), comprises of District Highways, those urban roads not included in SRN, village tracks, agriculture streets, mule paths and songs, Trail Connections, Ropeway etc . With the creation of Multiparty democracy in 1989, there has been a tremendous demand of constructing highways in rural areas. Though there are Area Transport Learn Plans...

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